Non Conventional Fibres Association

Bagasse (Sugarcane) fibre

Botanical Information

  • Generic name of sugarcane is Saccharum officinarum and is a member of the Poaceae family . 
  • It is an herbaceous plant within the grass family.
  • It is a perennial monocot.
  • It grows mainly in tropical and sub-tropical zones.

Agricultural conditions

  • Sugarcane cultivation can thrive in various soil types, encompassing sandy soils, clay loams, and heavy clays.
  • However, the optimal conditions for sugarcane growth are found in well-drained, deep, loamy soils with a pH of pH5 to pH8.5.
  • Annually, 75-100cm of rainfall is necessary for sugarcane to thrive.
  • The optimal conditions for sugarcane cultivation include an extended, warm growing period characterized by abundant sunlight, a temperature of 21°C to 27°C and sufficient soil moisture.
  • The total sugar crop area worldwide is around 31.3 million hectares, with sugar cane comprising about 70%.
  • In 2016, the leading sugar-producing nations were Brazil, India, and China, contributing 20.57%, 16.91%, and 6.31% to the global production, respectively.
  • In the recent period, China’s sugar cane cultivation spanned around 1.23 million hectares, with a corresponding production of about 100 million tons in the 2017- 18 period.


  • Bagasse is the fibrous remainder of cane stalk that remains after the sugar cane has been crushed and its juice extracted .
  • Mountains of bagasse make up the heaps, and a single mill can generate up to 3500 tons per day.
  • Bagasse consists of a combination of long and fine fibres found in the outer rind of the stalk, while the inner part, referred to as the pith, contains short fibres .
  • Each year in Egypt, the annual production of crop residues exceeds 33 million tons, with sugarcane bagasse accounting for 3 million tons of this waste.
  • Derived from sugarcane, it is a versatile by-product that can serve as a renewable source for manufacturing or reconstructing products with recyclable foundations.

Table1.Physical & mechanical properties and chemical composition of bagasse fibres

Physical & Mechanical properties of bagasse


200- 250mm


6.5-14 tex

Tensile strength

4.1 cN/tex

Breaking elongation


Chemical composition







Typical uses

  • In a sugar cane factory, bagasse is typically incinerated as a source of fuel to generate steam and sustainable electricity.
  • As sugarcane is a cellulose-based plant, the bagasse is used as a resource for paper production.
  • Additionally, it serves as cattle feed due to its protein enrichment.
  • It can also be utilized in the manufacturing of industrially significant enzymes such as cellulase, xylanase, amylase, etc. and biofuel.
  • If sugarcane bagasse is pretreated in a mild acid solution under moderately rigorous conditions, the process releases sugars and various hydrolysates, such as volatile organic acids, furfurals, and acid-soluble lignin. These hydrolysates can be utilized by the aerobic bacterium Ralstonia eutropha to biosynthesize valuable bioplastics known as polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) .
  • Bagasse can be used as reinforcement materials to create composites which can be used for construction, automobiles, etc.